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DREAM - Design and development of REAlistic food Models with well-characterised micro- and macro-structure and composition


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Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics
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Two-Way Coupling of Fluid-Flow, Heat-Transfer and Product Transformation during Heat Treatment of Starch Suspension inside Tubular Exchanger
Plana Fattori A.a,b,c, Chantoiseau E.a,b,c, Doursat C.a,b,c, Flick D.a,b,c
aAgroParisTech, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, F-75005 Paris, France
bINRA, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, F-91300 Massy, France
cLe Cnam, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, F-75002 Paris, France

When a liquid product is subjected to thermal treatment under continuous flow, its transport properties can evolve as a consequence of changes occurring on the product constitution (continuous phase, particles...). This two-way coupling is implicitly considered when the residence time distribution (RTD) associatedwith the product is studied through experimental work. For a number of liquid food products, there is experimentalevidence that the minimum residence time decreases as the transformation state progresses. In this study, modelingwork is employed for assessing the influence of transformation on the RTD associated with a starch suspensionunder continuous heat treatment. After including the impact of starch granules swelling on the suspension viscosity,the minimum residence time decreases from 55 % to 41 % of the mean value. The role played by the transformationin driving the RTD cannot be neglected if the transport properties evolve with the product transformation state.

Keywords: fluid flow, heat transfer, starch granule swelling, heat exchanger, residence time distribution,computational fluid dynamics


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